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Fertility problems: The 6 most common causes

Woman having problems with her fertility

Many people struggle with fertility problems. Studies show that around 1 out of 6 couples are experiencing fertility issues at some point in their reproductive lives. The problem being so common, it is important to know what can cause it and what possibilities there are to overcome the fertility issues.

Fertility problems – what does it mean?

Fertility problems or infertility can be defined as one year of trying to conceive without succeeding.

One third of fertility problems are caused by male infertility, one third by female infertility, while the rest often either can’t be explained or are due to both male and female factors.

There are many possible causes of infertility. Below we have listed 6 of the most common fertility problems:

1. How age can cause fertility problems

Studies have shown that female fertility begins to significantly decline around the age of 35, and by the age of 40 the chances of getting pregnant have fallen by half. The reason is that the number of eggs available and the quality of the eggs reduce. If you want to read more about women's egg quality and fertility, we recommend you follow the link to our blog post on the subject.

Male fertility is affected when men are over the age of 45. After this age the quality of the sperm decreases. A simple blood test measuring your level of antimullerian hormone (AMH) can indicate the current fertility potential of a woman, while a sperm analysis can indicate the quality of the sperm and thus, the chances of conceiving.

2. Tubal factors can influence fertility

Some women have damaged or closed fallopian tubes caused by an infection or by a natural defect. In this case, surgery can be a solution.

3. Hormonal disorders may affect your chances of conceiving

The female fertility cycle is controlled by the hormones oestrogen and progesterone. Disorder in the levels of these hormones may cause polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and ovulation problems: the eggs don’t mature or the ovaries fail to release the mature eggs. The hormone levels can be adjusted through medical treatment.

Woman in the proces of cooking a healthy meal

4. You are what you eat

Some studies also indicate that lifestyle factors such as use of alcohol, smoking, overweight, underweight, environmental factors (exposure to certain pesticides, solvents and metals), stress in severe cases etc., can also affect your fertility. A change in lifestyle can lead to increasing your chances of pregnancy.

If you want to read more on how lifestyle choices can impact egg quality and fertility, then we recommend you to follow the link to our blog post on the subject.

5. Endometriosis can cause infertility

Another common cause of infertility is endometriosis, which is a condition where tissue, that normally lines inside the uterus, develops outside the uterus. If endometriosis causes fertility problems, depending on severity of the disease medication or surgical procedures can help. 

6. Unexplained fertility problems

if your doctor can’t find an explanation for your problem, the diagnosis might be “unexplained fertility problems”.

Fertility treatment – what can you do?

Some fertility problems you can prevent yourself, for some fertility-related issues Cryos can help you to overcome, while others may need to be addressed at a fertility clinic. Fertility treatment can be divided into three main methods generally referred to as Assisted Conception Technology (IUI, IVF and ICSI).

If you suffer from infertility and are about to enter fertility treatment, it may help you to know that about 65% of infertile couples can conceive within a year with the help of fertility treatments. Unfortunately, not all couples trying to conceive through fertility treatment experience a successful pregnancy. If you suffer from female infertility and need donor eggs, you can read our guide to choosing an egg donor from our database or visit it yourself.

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